Total Cholesterol
This is a test for obesity, hypertension and heart disease. Elevated cholesterol levels may lead to deposits of fat in the blood vessel resulting in narrowing and subsequent blockage of the vessel (atherosclerosis). Cholesterol levels above 6.2 MMOL/L are associated with atherosclerosis and an increased risk of coronary heart disease.

HDL Cholesterol
HDL, or good cholesterol, helps remove cholesterol from the blood and transport it to the liver for excretion. High levels of HDL are associated with a low risk of atherosclerosis and heart disease.

LDL Cholesterol
LDL, or bad cholesterol, helps deposit cholesterol in the blood vessel which leads to atherosclerosis. High levels of LDL are associated with high risk of coronary heart disease.

Total Cholesterol / HDL Cholesterol Ratio
One way to assess risk is to use the total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio, with lower values indicating lower risk.

Triglycerides
Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the fat tissue of the body and are a major source of energy. Elevated levels of triglycerides may lead to coronary heart disease.

hs-CRP (high sensitivity C-reactive protein)
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a protein found in the blood. It is what we call a marker for inflammation, meaning its presence indicates a heightened state of inflammation in the body. Inflammation is a normal response to many physical states including fever, injury and infection. Inflammation is now believed to play a role in the initiation and progression of cardiovascular disease. hs-CRP has proven to be a powerful predictor of heart disease risk. Elevated hs-CRP is related to increased risk for heart attack, restenosis of coronary arteries after angioplasty, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease (PVD).